13 Interesting World Heritage Sites of India
World Heritage Sites are places that belong to everyone in the world, irrespective of the area on which they are situated. This implies these World Heritage Sites in India are thought to be of tremendous historical, social, natural and cultural significance in the world.
Here are 13 Indian sites that the world appreciates the most
1. Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary, Assam
Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Assam and is one of the untouched Indian natural regions. This park lies on the flood fields of the river Brahmaputra and comprises mostly of dense grasslands, forests with numerous streams and lakes going through it. Kaziranga is known for its one horn rhinoceroses and comprises around 15 endangered Indian faunal species, including the Rhino being the most endangered one. Other mammals incorporate tiger, wild pig, water bison, gaur, panther, sloth bear, Ganges dolphin, otter, sambar, swamp deer, hog deer, capped langur, hoolock gibbon, and Indian muntjac.
Manas Wild Life Sanctuary, Assam
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a national park, situated in the North Eastern Indian state of Assam. River Manas got the name from Goddess Manasa. The dense vegetation and lush green forested hills of the surrounding zones give a safe atmosphere to the numerous endangered animal species who dwell here. The Wild Life sanctuary is known as the Elephant Reserve, Biosphere Reserve, Project Tiger Reserve and a home for a number of endangered species like Hispid Hare, Golden Langur, Assam Roofed Turtle, and Pygmy Hog.
Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal
Known for the Royal Bengal Tigers, Sunderban National Park is a known Tiger and a Biosphere reserve situated in the Indian State of West Bengal. It is located on the Sunderban Deltas formed by the Ganges river in the Bay of Bengal. Home to the Royal Bengal Tiger, there are also other animal species, for example, the Gangetic dolphin, spotted deer, wild hog and other mammal and amphibian species. The unique saltwater crocodile is another fascination of this place. The tiger population of India is the most extreme in this area. Because of regular contacts with local inhabitants, numerous tigers have been named as ‘man-eaters’.
The Western Ghats is a Sahyadri mountain range that lies on the western coast of Indian Peninsula. It has a high bio-diversity and constitutes numerous national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Maharashtra. The hills cover 160000 sq km zone with 1600 km length, 100 km width, and 1200 meters statures. The forests in the Western Ghats are home to around 325 species of flora and fauna, including endangered and unique types of plants and animals.
Humayun’s Tomb, New Delhi
The Humayun’s Tomb is one of the most magnificent and complete monuments which has gone under numerous restoration work in Delhi. The monument was designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, chosen by Begum Bega, Humayun’s first wife, between 1565-1572. The tomb was commissioned by Akbar, Humayun’s son. It is a tomb complex comprising of numerous smaller monuments like the tombs of Isa Khan Niyazi.
Red Fort Complex, Delhi
The Red Fort was built by Shah Jahan. It is located in the center of the historical city of New Delhi. The fort turned into the political hub of the Mughals. One can see the blending of Timurid, Hindu, Indo-Islamic, and Persian types of architecture in numerous facets of the Red Fort. It is comprised of red sandstone and houses numerous other smaller structures including the Diwan-i-aam, the private pavilions, and the Diwan-i-khas.
Sun Temple, Konark, Odisha
The Sun Temple at Konark is situated in Konark, Odisha. The 13th-century temple is not too far from the renown beach town of Puri. It was built in around AD 1250 by the king of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty, Narasimhadeva I. The temple is believed to be built at the river Chandrabhaga’s mouth. However, the waterline receded since then. The Sun temple is in the shape of a huge chariot with pillars, carved stone wheel and walls and driven by 6 immensely carved horses. It is known as one of the largest Brahmin sanctuaries in India.
Jantar Mantar, Rajasthan
Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory with a collection of 19 astronomical man-made instruments. It was built by the Rajput King Sawai Jai Singh in 1738 CE. World’s largest stone, Sundial, is situated here. The observatory comprises of instruments which were used to calculate the equatorial system, the horizon-zenith local system, celestial coordinate systems, and the ecliptic system.
Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh
The Agra Fort is one of the most significant monumental structures. It was built by the Mughal empire, during the time of Akbar, and is located very close to the Taj Mahal. Though built in Mughal Era, the Agra Fort is a combination of Persian art of the Timurid and the Indian architecture forms as the fort was initially a brick monument, Badalgarh, held by a Hindu Shikarwar Rajput King, Raja Badal Singh.
Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh
The name of the city, Fatehpur Sikri, means Akbar’s victory over Chittor and Ranthambore. The fascinating ghost city was founded in 1569. It comprises of four major Monuments in the Agra District of Uttar Pradesh. Buland Darwaza is Asia’s greatest door made of a wood imported from Australia. Panch Mahal is known as the origin place of the Navaratnas like Birbal and Tansen.
Taj Mahal, Agra
The Taj Mahal was built by emperor Shah Jahan in his third wife Mumtaz Mahal’s memory. The monument was commissioned in 1632 and is one of Seven Wonders of the World. Known as the “Jewel of Muslim Art in India,” Taj Mahal, is situated in Agra at the bank of river Jamuna and is considered as Mughal architecture’s best example. The 385-year-old monument is one of the most beautiful tourist destinations in India.
Qutub Minar and its Monuments, New Delhi, India
Qutub Minar was built in 1193 by Qutub-ud-din Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of the Mamluk Dynasty. One of the most famous World Heritage Sites in India, Qutub Minar, is situated in the Qutub complex and occupies the center stage due to its height. It was built to honor the popular Sufi saint Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. The monument represents one of the earliest symbols known for Islamic Architecture in India.
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat
Champaner city was built by Sultan Mahmud Begada. Situated in the Panchmahal area of Gujarat, it is deemed to be of mythological importance. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park is a perfect combination of Hindu-Muslim architecture. It comprises of 11 different heritage monuments – Mosques, Temples, Tombs, Gateways, Helical Wells, Custom house and Greeneries, Fortresses and walls, Palaces and Pavilion all belonging to 16th century.