The founder of the Lamborghini group is Ferruccio Lamborghini. After a few years of existence of the fortunate business, the Lamborghini tractor company was incorporated in 1948 and was expanded to cover activities for air conditioning and other manufacturing devices, with the possibility to own the best available car and discover the weaknesses that, Ferruccio decided to try to build a better car. The first step was to implement this desire was to integrate the company “automobile Lamborghini Ferruccio SAS” in 1963. The same year, he was bought 90 thousand square meters of land that was built into an automobile factory (15000 square meters). It should be noted that the entire construction and installation of the plant was financed only by Ferrucio’s pocket with 500 million lire (about US $30,000) being invested in total.
The Birth of Miura
The development of a prototype in 1965called the P400 was an initiative of the talented engineering company Lamborghini. In the beginning, Lamborghini thought that this car would be costly and will not be able to achieve sound business. However, assuming that the P400 would be a good marketing tip, if not more, Lamborghini blessed the birth of this model.
The Miura was first introduced in 1965 at the Turin Motor Show. It was presented as an unnamed car chassis. The average car was jam-packed at that time (the average engine design was used only in race cars), so even without a dress, Miura was noticed during the show.
After the acceleration of the Turin Motor Show, Lamborghini accelerated the design of the car and committed to making and completing the Miura look in just a few months.
Lamborghini P400 first appearance was at the 1966 Geneva Motor Show. Because of the unique design, the car decoration, Lamborghini P400 exhibited thirty-sixth in Geneva. Lamborghini is a result of his victory: orders come from all over the world with the first car model received at the end of 1966. The Miura model continued to be improved in the following versions: P400S and P400SV.
Miura Launches and Production Statistics
Miura was produced in 1966 and 1973. This model has three series: P400 (Miura), P400S (Miura S) and P400SV (Miura SV). The Miura “Countach” model was replaced in 1974.
The first Miura (also known as P400) was a 3.9-liter V12 engine with a power of 350 kW (260 kW). Although the cost of this car model four types of Jaguars E (the price of a thousand Miura 20 dollars, and nearly $114,000 at the moment), it was built 474 units of Miura and sold in the first three years of production. Miura was captured by pop stars and entrepreneurs.
Many experts have noted the instability of the car when driving at high speeds (> 240 km / h). Although recent versions of the Miura have tried to solve this problem (improved suspension, modern tires and lower front spoiler), they have considerably improved the situation, but the problem has not been completely eliminated.
The P400S (Miura S) model was introduced in Turin cars show in 1968. Compared with its predecessor, Miura S was a chrome set around the exterior windows with a new built-in console, the electric windows. Engine consumption was improved by an additional 20 horsepower (15 kW).
The Miura S was also available with optional air conditioning, which costs $800 more. However, according to the owners, the air conditioner in Miura was not efficient and unhelpful.
140 Miura S units were built between December 1968 and March 1971. One of the most famous owners of Miura S was Frank Sinatra.
The last and most desirable is the Miura SV (P400SV). In comparison with its previous versions, the P400SV was introduced with the eliminated eyelashes around the headlights, wider rear bumpers, new 9-inch wheels accommodated, and taillights refurbished.
The main technical difference was the separate lubrication systems for the engine and the gearbox. This change allows the use of appropriate types of oil for the gearbox and engine. Further models were a Miura SV/J and Miura SVJ Spider which were limited editions.
Design and interior of Miura
Giorgetto Giugiaro created first sketches of Miura when he was working at Bertone Design Company. After his departure from Bertone, Marcello Gandini took over the design works. At last the owner of the company, Nuccio Bertone performed the “I’s” and crossed the “t’s” before delivering the final design to Lamborghini. To give courtesy to these three men, every detail of Miura design seems taintless.
Interesting Facts about Miura
- Due to insufficient time, P400 model was introduced at the 1966 Geneva Motor Show that didn’t carry an engine. The engineers didn’t make to install the engine in the compartment of the car. Therefore it was exhibited in Motor Show without the engine. To hide this absence, the hood was firmly kept locked.
- Miura was named as a first “supercar”. The automotive writer LJK Setright used this term for the first time when he saw Miura’s exotic looks, incredible performance, and advanced design. The Miura was branded as a “supercar” because of its engine position too.
- The tests declared that Miura managed to reach 272 km/h top speed. According to this fact, Miura was given a title of being the fastest car in the world by 1969, when Daytona 365GTB/4 model was introduced by Ferrari.
- The original design of the Miura lacked with the excellent drainage system which caused rust problems. This problem is seen with all models of Miura except the ones which have undergone a recent restoration.
- At the start, it was planned to produce 30 units of Miura, but the demand was increased due to the Geneva Motor Show. Because of the limited capability of the Lamborghini factory, no more models of Miura were built.
Indeed, the Miura is the car that gave fame to “Automobile Ferruccio Lamborghini SAS” as a car manufacturer. Without its inception, the company couldn’t survive. Emphatic achievements and low production figures seen in motoring history made Miura one of the most desirable collector cars.
The author is John Peterson working as a writer in the auto industry. John works on luxury cars, especially on lamborghini diecast model cars. He was born in Fullerton, California in June 1990. Since childhood, he has been collecting inspirational paintings, and this is his hobby!